The plantar fascia is a tendon on the bottom of the foot that runs from the heel to toe. If this tendon becomes inflamed or irritated, it can result in pain that is known as plantar fasciitis. Injury to this tissue will cause pain and discomfort, and a feeling of tightness. It can make activities that involve walking, running or even standing very uncomfortable.
Aggravation of the tendon can occur for different reasons. It is prominent in people that are required to stand for extensive periods at a time. Foot ware that does not provide enough support or does not fit well can also cause it. Being overweight can add problems as it puts excessive pressure on the feet.
Women who are pregnant may notice pain in their feet. This is due to weight gain through the pregnancy, and many women will not have further problems after giving birth. Rarely the issue can persist. Running and walking excessively is also attributed to this issue, and if pain is noticed when increasing an exercise regime a doctor should be consulted. The increased activity should be slowed or stopped until the problem is addressed.
People with plantar fasciitis often complain of pain being worst first thing in the morning. This can be sue to inactivity during the night. This tendon is not particularly flexible and when resting, it can lose even more flexibility, causing pain upon rising. It can cause problems bending the feet as well, and can eventually radiate pain as far as the knee as a result.
A diagnosis can be made by a doctor. It is often simple to determine by watching the patient walk and stand. X rays and the use of MRI can also aid in making a positive identification of this problem. This is the first step to finding relief and a solution to end the pain associated with the condition.
Patients that have poor or weak arches of the foot may be aided with supports that are designed to be worn inside of foot ware. Shoes can be specially ordered that will provide the same benefit but are not as versatile as a support that can be moved from shoe to shoe. If a physician or specialist has recommended these, it is wise to wear them at all times to ensure that there is not a relapse or worsening of the problem. They are effective at helping with the pain, and are a simple solution.
There are certain exercises that can be performed that can help to improve the condition as well. While the foot or feet can be taped, and many find relief through this, it is likely that the feet would benefit from supports. Medications that reduce swelling and provide relief from pain are helpful. Icing can help with inflammation, and can be used to massage the foot.
Surgery may be indicated in severe cases, but can be risky and the end result may not be perfect. It is always best to try non invasive methods before beginning riskier treatments. Always follow the advice of a physician to ensure proper treatment.
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